The use of substances extracted from flowers, fruits, roots, seeds and stems, either alone or as an adjunct to other forms of alternative healthcare or physical manipulation.
Aromatherapy, ayurvedic herbal medicine, Bach flower remedies, Chinese herbal medicine.
Classic texts on herbal medicine
Chakra Samhita, The Complete Herbal, De Materia Medica, Pen Tsao, Rigveda, Theatrum Botanicum.
Abcesses, acidity, acne, addiction disorders, adenoids, agoraphobia, alcoholism, allergies, anaemia, anxiety, arthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, athletes foot, bedwetting, bites and stings, bladder problems, blisters, bone fractures, bronchitis, bruxism, bruises, bunions, burns, bursitis, candidiasis, celiac disease, chickenpox, chronic fatigue syndrome, circulatory defects, claustrophobia, the common cold, coughs, cramps, dandruff, earache, eczema, emphysema, eyestrain, fatigue, fever, flatulence, fluid retention, food poisoning, frozen shoulder, gallstones, gastrointestinal tract complaints (e.g., anal changes, gastritis, nausea, vomiting, indigestion, diarrhoea and irritable bowl syndrome), gout, halitosis, hangover, hay fever, headaches, heat rash, heartburn, haemorrhoids, hiccups, hives, hypertension, hypotension, incontinence, infertility, insomnia, jaundice, jet lag, laryngitis, low back pain, measles, menopausal disorders, mental depression, menstrual dysfunction, migraines, mineral deficiencies, mood swings, morning sickness, mumps, neurologic complaints, obesity, painful conditions (e.g., neuralgia), panic attacks, parasites, periodontal disease, phobias, postpartum depression, premenstrual syndrome, prolapsed vertebral disks, prostate disease, psoriasis, renal disease, rheumatic disease, sciatica, sexual dysfunction, shortness of breath, sinusitis, sleep disorders, sports injuries, stasis (decubitus) ulcers, stress, tension, thyroid disease, tics, tinnitus, vaginitis, vertigo, warts, wheezing, whooping cough, and other conditions.
There are few peer-reviewed studies supporting the efficacy of herbal medicine.
Herbs and plants used
Agrimony, anise, apple, balm, bayberry, blackberry leaves, boneset, borage, buchu, burdock, calamus root, caraway, catnip, cayenne, celandine, chamomile, chicory root, coltsfoot, comfrey, coriander, damiana, dill, echinea, elder, elecampene, fennel, feverfew, flax, garlic, gentian, ginger, ginkgo, goldenrod, goldenseal, gota kola, ground ivy, hops, horehound, horseradish, hyssop, Irish moss, juniper, lavender, lemon, liquorice, lobelia, marshmallow, milk thistle, mistletoe, motherwort, mugwort, mullein, mustard, myrtle, nettle, nutmeg, oak bark, pennyroyal, peppermint, plaintain, pokeroot, purslane, red clover, rosemary, rue, sage, Saint Johns wort, saw , skullcap, senna, slippery elm, sumac, tarragon, valerian, wormwood, yarrow, yellow dock and others.